The VA’s Wake-Up Call to Human Resources

by Carol Anderson, Featured Contributor

vaHERE is an excellent wake-up call to anyone in the field of Human Resources. As the investigation into the VA scandal deepens, it appears that, according to the VA’s performance and incentive system, they were doing GREAT!

Fox News reports that [Gina] Farrisee [Assistant Secretary for Human Resources]….

“acknowledged the need to hold VA employees and supervisors accountable, particularly regarding regarding performance, but defended the pay bonuses.

Farrisee acknowledged the need to hold VA employees and supervisors accountable, particularly ‘We must recruit and retain the best talent, many of whom require special skills in health care, information technology, management and benefits delivery,’ Farrisee testified. ‘In particular, VA requires talented senior executives to manage the complex set of facilities and programs that VA is responsible to administer.

‘Performance plans are the foundation of accountability not only for senior executives but for the entire workforce,’ Farrisee’s prepared remarks continued. ‘Senior leadership engagement in managing executive performance plans, including counseling and mid-year assessments, also serves as the model for the general schedule workforce.’

Farrisee, who joined the agency in September, admitted to Miller that not a single member of its senior executive service – a pool of 470 individuals – received less than a fully satisfactory or successful rating. She acknowledged that the VA’s recently exposed problems don’t jibe with an agency rewarding employees for stellar work.

‘Mr. Chairman, if we knew what we knew today at that time, it is unlikely that their performance would have reflected what it reflected at the time the reports were written,’ Farrisee responded.”

Really? So why didn’t they know then what they know now?  This whole thing makes me mad, as I AM a veteran, but from the HR perspective, I have a couple theories….

Performance reviews and plans are generally a token.

Programs are designed by HR (or better yet, a consultant) without anyone in leadership truly understanding the purpose, the work required, and the use of the data. So leadership grudgingly completes the work with minimal fuss, doesn’t point out where improvement could be made, and makes the employee feel great about their performance.

Pay has become an entitlement.

So they performed great; now’s the time to pony up, right? In 1990, when merit budgets were 14%, it was possible to differentiate performance and link pay. Today’s meager 2% budgets barely match the cost of living. But yet, we’ve taught employees well that merit increase [or bonuses, in some cases] are “given” each year, and they’ve come to expect it. So managers who want to be liked tell employees that they gave them the best increase possible, but don’t mention that it’s the same on everyone else in the unit received.

Incentive plans have replaced management.

After many years as Director of Compensation for a large financial institution that had 1,400 or so incentive plans, I can tell you that managers create “kitchen sink” incentive plans that reward turning on the lights and getting to work on time, so that they don’t have to manage employees. Then they wonder why the plans create unintended results.

Leaders are not held accountable for the quality of their leadership.

I have probably designed 40 or so performance programs in my career, and rarely can I convince a leadership team to put in a “one up” feature. A “one up” feature means that two people in the chain review and approve a performance evaluation.   Sometimes, when I ask the question – “so, you feel really comfortable that all of your subordinate managers are doing a good job evaluating their employees,” they give in and put in the feature. But so often, time becomes a factor and even the “one up” review is cursory.   Jeepers folks, this is exactly what next level leaders should be doing – learning about how well their subordinate managers are leading!

Performance data is useless.

For all the reasons above, HR cannot effectively answer the question, “How is our organization’s performance.” They can pull the data, but I’m willing to bet that it doesn’t say much. There are probably 1-2% in the lowest category [and we must ask how long they’ve been there], and the majority of the employees at the top of the scale. Written comments are benign, and the performance conversations are most likely superficial.

Organizations don’t treat employee performance as a business issue.

Executive teams spend hours in financial and operational reviews. They typically spend significantly less on performance. Why would the performance of each and every employee and department not be a serious business issue to contemplate? It should be.

Back to the VA

Gina Farrissee is giving the standard response that we all give when pushed about raises and bonuses – we need to attract and retain the best. Yes, indeed we do. But an organization that puts pay at the top of their “attract and retain” list doesn’t have the courage to get down and dirty with employees, understand what they’re up to, what they need, and how they can improve their own – and therefore the organization’s – performance.

I’d like to say that it’s different in the private sector, but it’s really not. People are people, and managing performance is hard work. We neither select nor train our leaders to be effective leaders, so no wonder we try to manage through pay and lame performance systems.

We can do better HR! This is a wake-up call for us to make performance management a key focus of our businesses and organizations.


Carol Anderson
Carol Anderson
CAROL is the founder and Principal of Anderson Performance Partners, LLC, a business consultancy focused on bringing together organizational leaders to unite all aspects of the business – CEO, CFO, HR – to build, implement and evaluate a workforce alignment strategy. With over 35 years of executive leadership, she brings a unique lens and proven methodologies to help CEOs demand performance from HR and to develop the capability of HR to deliver business results by aligning the workforce to the strategy. She is the author of Leading an HR Transformation, published by the Society for Human Resource Management in 2018, which provides a practical RoadMap for human resource professionals to lead the process of aligning the workforce to the business strategy, and deliver results, and writes regularly for several business publications.

SOLD OUT! JOIN OUR WAITING LIST! It's not a virtual event. It's not a conference. It's not a seminar, a meeting, or a symposium. It's not about attracting a big crowd. It's not about making a profit, but rather about making a real difference. LEARN MORE HERE



  1. Amen, Carol! As a 13-1/2-year former VA employee and veteran (E-5 6046 USMC ’76-’80, USMCR ’84-’89), I’ve been telling peers that same thing since well before the whole wait-list fiasco blew up in their lackadaisical-leadership faces. It’s so funny that, according to one website, for last year-end, the Indy VAMC director didn’t get a bonus, but according to another, whose URL I didn’t note, he got over $11K. That facility is so poorly-run, it’s laughable, though it really isn’t. He has a penchant for spending money on non-patient-care items and aesthetics, while they run out of medical supplies frequently. I was so glad to receive a promotion outside the VA that I ran like a madman! I was denied, as a veteran and decade-plus employee at VA, over 50 times for promotions of all shapes, sizes, and job descriptions, and I’ve got my doctoral coursework completed, and am a doctoral candidate…you’re spot-on about their questionable HR systems, and all I can say is come, Lord Jesus, come! And of course, Semper Fi, ma’am!