Cryptocurrencies have quickly become one of the most widely used forms of payment. Thousands of businesses have invested in the platform, and it has developed well beyond many people’s expectations. The betting business has also adopted digital currency in the form of stable coins. Tether betting sites do away with the need for a middleman, making it a safe way to wager. It also uses the blockchain security mechanism to safeguard a player’s identity. Bitcoin was one of the first cryptocurrencies and is the most well-known cryptocurrency, and has gained popularity since its inception in 2009. Other cryptocurrencies, including Ethereum, and EOS, have followed in its footsteps.
Stable coin, a new cryptocurrency, has recently entered the market. Like the rest of the world’s currencies, the volatile currency fluctuates in value. Stablecoin, like other currencies, has the potential to become a major player in the betting business. Industries will undoubtedly invest in this platform due to its low inflation and high purchasing power.
Types of Stable Coins
Several varieties of stable coins such as Tether have arisen as a result of the market’s rapid expansion. Here are the various types of stable coins;
Commodity-collateralized stable coin
Commodity-backed stable coins mainly represent commodities on the basis of a blockchain and are supported by central-entity reserves. Commodity-backed stable coins are backed by physical assets such as oil, precious metals, and real estate. The most typically collateralized commodity is gold. However, it is important to remember that the price of these commodities can and will change, and as a result, they may lose value.
Commodity-backed stablecoins make it a lot easier to invest in assets that would otherwise be out of reach on a local level. In many locations, obtaining a gold bar and securing a secure storage facility, for example, is difficult and expensive. As a result, acquiring physical assets like gold and silver isn’t always a good idea. Commodity-backed stablecoins, on the other hand, are useful for people who want to exchange tokens for cash or take ownership of the underlying tokenized asset. This form of stable coin is accepted by several brands for transactions. These are the following:
Digix Gold (DGX)
Tiberius Coin (TCX)
Crypto-collateralized stable coins
Currency-backed stable coins are a type of stable coin that is backed by another cryptocurrency or a combination of currencies. Cryptocurrency stable coins can be created to mimic the value of a fiat currency or the value of the cryptocurrencies that underpin them, depending on the needs of the issuer.
Stable coins backed by cryptocurrency can keep track of the value of a fiat currency through blockchain balancing algorithms that take advantage of the stable coins’ cryptocurrency backing to ensure that the price of the stable coin remains stable. In these conditions, stable coins are overcollateralized in order to ensure that they can maintain their peg even during periods of significant market volatility. If a stable coin is overcollateralized, the assets that underpin it are worth more than the value of the stable coins that are currently in circulation. Price stability is maintained for the stable coin by the use of monitoring tools and regular audits.
A more decentralized variation of fiat-backed stablecoins, cryptocurrency-backed stablecoins can be established by automated smart contracts with no central authority, whereas fiat-backed stablecoins must be established by a central authority.
Fiat-collateralized stable coins
Stable coins that are backed by fiat currencies, such as the US dollar, maintain fiat currency reserves. Fiat-backed stablecoins typically maintain a reserve of one dollar for each token in circulation, which might be in the form of cash or monetary equivalents.
Stable coin reserves are maintained by central entities, which are audited on a regular basis. Central entities also engage with authorities to guarantee that the entities holding stablecoin reserves remain in compliance with the law. Users who wish to purchase stablecoins directly from issuers must go through Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) checks that are identical to those found on exchanges. During these processes, personal information about users, including a copy of their government-issued identification document, is acquired.
Once stablecoins are in circulation, anyone can send and receive them, however, the central entity that created them may have the authority to freeze cash on specific addresses if it so chooses.
Below are some brands that use fiat-collateralized stable coins for transactions:
Paxos Standard (PAX)
Candy London Block Exchange (LBXPeg)
Non-collateralized stable coins
In comparison to algorithmically-backed stablecoins, stablecoins that are neither collateralized nor seigniorage-style do have reserves in smart contracts. Stable coins in the form of seigniorage, on the other hand, rely on complex mechanisms to adjust the circulating supply of their coins in response to changes in supply and demand.
Non-collateralized or seigniorage-style stablecoins deplete and inflate supply on the blockchain in order to maintain their peg. Because these stablecoins are self-collateralized, there is no need to get collateral in order to create them. Consider the example of stablecoin A, which has a value of $1.00 and is issued by the Bitcoin Foundation. Price of stablecoin has fallen to $0.70, indicating that there is a greater supply of the cryptocurrency than demand. With seigniorage, the algorithm acquires stablecoin A, reducing supply and bringing the price back down to $1.00 per unit of the cryptocurrency.
If the price of the currency remains below $1.00 for an extended period of time and there aren’t enough revenues to buy more of the coin’s supply, seigniorage shares are issued. In other words, users are essentially making an investment in the expansion of the non-collateralized stablecoin supply. Whenever the price of a stablecoin rises above $1.00, the algorithm generates new tokens, increasing the supply until the price falls below $1.00 again. The phrase used to describe the earnings is seigniorage.
Algorithmic Stable coins
Those stablecoins that rely on advanced algorithms to maintain their prices stable are referred to as algorithmic or hybrid stablecoins. They function by maintaining a balance between funds held on the blockchain via smart contracts and supply and demand in order to maintain price stability.
The algorithmic stablecoins behave as if they were real central banks, protecting the market peg of their respective currencies. They buy assets when the stable coin’s price climbs above the peg and sell them when the value drops below the peg.