Anticipatory Grief: A Very Long Goodbye

Written about a year before my mother passed at 97 years old.  Her last book, Things I Know to be True, has since been self-published by her family.

A Very Long Goodbye

Anticipatory grief is a new concept for me, though it’s been around for a long time.  There’s a page dedicated to anticipatory grief in Mom’s Hospice binder. The binder sits on the kitchen table along with inhalers, medications, Ana’s notes about Mom’s care, and a calendar recording who’s relieving who and when.  When I was growing up, nothing was allowed to rest long on that table except African violets and a pretty tablecloth in one shade of blue or another.  Mom’s DNR is posted on the refrigerator next to photos of her grand and great-grandchildren —to ensure that emergency personnel know what to do and what not to do.

When Mom’s primary doctor first proposed that it might be time for hospice, without questions or hesitation, she said “No.”  When her doctor asked again, she answered firmly, “I don’t feel like I’m dying.”  The subject was broached yet again because that’s what happens when a patient requires frequent trips to the emergency room due to falls or difficulty breathing.

I believe it was the fourth time that she accepted.  She was seeing a respiratory specialist. This doctor suggested it — not as an exit-from-life plan, but as a strategy for having the emergency room come to her– cutting out the arduous ride to the hospital and the 6-10 hour wait time until release or admission to the hospital.

When the previous doctor pointed out this advantage, Mom responded, “Oh, I don’t mind going to the ER.”  Funny thing about Mom, she sometimes tells the most absurd and obvious of lies.   We who call her on it are frequently and openly amused.  She’s fun to tease.  Love to see her smirk and look to the side.  It’s a sure sign that she’s still in there.

I picture all the chapters of her life building to this one last chapter.

*Little Bobbie Roberts who slammed it over the fence before they knew to question girls in Little League…

*Barb Mauk who attended the very first Plenary Session of the United Nations by special invitation of the United Press Corps and never brings it up…

*Barbara Mauk who stood by the minister’s side to confront church matrons protesting an exchange with the Black church in Marin City…

*Barb Mauk who built a successful court reporting business, wrote a book and volunteered for over twenty years at Guide Dogs for the Blind, completed the arduous hike to Lake Aloha in Desolation Wilderness and back in her 60s, and traveled to all corners of the world. She went alone or with a friend;  Dad was done with travel on May 8, 1945, when Germany surrendered unconditionally.

*My mother, who fought for two years to get Aleno back to his wife and young daughter.  Aleno, a South American refugee, kneels by Mom’s chair, holds her hand, and strokes her hair back from her face every time before he starts to prune her trees, mow her lawn, and water her flowers.

And of course, there are dozens of more chapters, too numerous to list.

Bobbie, Barbara, Barb, my mother — they’re all still in there,  The shell is deteriorating, but the substance is intact.

From her description of the pivotal conversation about hospice, I can see that what really convinced her wasn’t avoiding the revolving door to the emergency room, it was that THIS doctor looked her right in the eye, made her feel heard and valued, and was in no apparent hurry at all.  A sense of invisibility, of being a faceless piece being moved around the medical board, will always cause Mom to resist.  I share — I think most of us share — the need to feel that I am still the author of my story.

This brings us back to anticipatory grief.

The meaning is obvious.  It’s the process of grieving the loss of someone who is still physically and sometimes — as in Mom’s case — still mentally present, but for whom the days are literally numbered.

That number may be hours or days, months, or even years, but the illusion that death is far, far off (which we all entertain as long as we can) — that illusion is gone.  Some life process is deteriorating, some condition is progressing towards an inevitable end, and no matter how pharmaceutically effective we are at slowing the slide towards the final breath, it’s coming.

When someone we love is on the slide, it can be breathtakingly fast or agonizing slow and painful.  There are often twists and turns in the slide, where the first one slows down and regains some ground, and then the slide gets steeper and it’s almost like a freefall.

I’m sure I’m not the only family member who has thought many times, as I have, “Okay, she probably won’t come back from THIS”? Mom has literally fallen on her face, fractured ribs, broken hips, suffered various SLOW healing wounds, gotten pneumonia, undergone gallbladder surgery – all in the past few years.  She has justly earned the nickname THE AMAZING REBOUNDING WOMAN.

When Mom finally consented to meet her hospice nurse, Jeff, she loved him at first sight.  Mom’s always been a direct woman but there’s growing evidence that this character trait is on the ascent.  She looked him in the eye and asked, “So I’m not going to get better?”

Jeff:  “You WILL recover from the pneumonia.  You’ll feel better than you do right now, but your lungs won’t stop getting weaker.”

Mom:  “That’s what I’m afraid of — not being able to breathe.”

Jeff:  “That’s why I’m here.  I’m not going to let that happen.”

My heart weeps for this painfully honest and therefore incredibly respectful conversation.

I read about the symptoms of anticipatory grief. These include loss of sleep, fatigue, forgetfulness, anger, sadness, even isolation, and depression in some cases.  I would add sudden weepiness with two distinct triggers:

*A memory — like the time I called Mom about visiting her on Mother’s Day only to learn she was marching in San Francisco that day with M. A. D. D.(Mothers Against Drunk Drivers).  What better way to celebrate Mother’s Day than solidarity with other mothers!

*Support flooding in from friends and family. Navigating this together, we sometimes lean in weariness but there’s someone right there to catch us before we fall.  I’m still awed by the solidarity.

It sounds like anticipatory grief has a whole lot in common with post-death grief, right?

Oh, but there’s more!

Quoting from a website called WYG (What’s Your Grief?):

We are aware of the looming death and accepting it will come, which can bring overwhelming anxiety and dread.  More than that, in advance of a death we grieve the loss of a person’s abilities and independence, their loss of cognition, a loss of hope, loss of future dreams, loss of stability and security, loss of their identity, and our own, and countless other losses.  This grief is not just about accepting the future death, but of the many losses already occurring as an illness progresses.

When I think of Mom, whose cognition is still mostly intact, one major loss is the dimming down of her usually spunky – even contentious — personality. Now when she lets out a command or a correction, we’re all somehow relieved rather than annoyed or offended.

Another loss is that she’s so tethered — to her walker, to her reclining chair, to her oxygen and her inhalers.  Her long hikes in the Sierras, her lifelong explorations to exotic destinations all over the globe are irrefutably over.  She always said she needed something to look forward to, some trip to anticipate. She still asks Ana when she’s going to take her to Fiji, but I believe she’s just entertaining the fantasy.

I suppose it could be argued that she’s about to embark on the ultimate adventure, but let’s face it, there will be no slide show and no postcards, and her life is peppered with uncertainty, not anticipation.

There are symptoms of anticipatory grief that I’m not suffering.  I don’t feel anger or depression.  It’s clear though that this rollercoaster makes it harder to relax into the present and feel untethered joy right now.  Harder for Mom, too.  She, too, is grieving the losses.  She wants to jump up from her chair and make pancakes and sausages for us, swim a few laps, and move the couch herself!  She wants to plan a trip, go out to lunch without oxygen, go to the bathroom without an escort, take a really deep breath.  She rarely gets depressed, but she does get angry sometimes.  She’s always found limitations maddening.


Susan Strong
Susan Strong
Susan has always loved to write, and pursued it full-time for a number of years as the Book Editor of San Francisco Magazine and later as a freelancer for major international magazines. In order to provide greater stability for her late-in-life progeny, Susan put down her “pen” for twelve years to teach Writers’ Workshop and serve as the Admissions Director of an independent school. To free more time to learn the lessons her beautiful son and daughter had to teach, she launched a business that replaced her job income two years later, and also freed precious hours to happily obsess over the perfect phrase again. Now she and her great love and husband, Lee, travel full-time while building their business, timetodowhatyoulove. Their mission is to empower and guide people in the pursuit of their best lives. For Susan, her best life will always include trying to capture the elusive meaning of it all in words.

DO YOU HAVE THE "WRITE" STUFF? If you’re ready to share your wisdom of experience, we’re ready to share it with our massive global audience – by giving you the opportunity to become a published Contributor on our award-winning Site with (your own byline). And who knows? – it may be your first step in discovering your “hidden Hemmingway”. LEARN MORE HERE


  1. Beautiful. Honest. Vulnerable. Courageous. Your sharing helps me see my own mother in different ways. We had a tumultuous, actually quite dreadful relationship that had tiny glimmers of “healing.” She died March 24, 2020. I continue to look through eyes/heart/mind of love, from love at all the lessons I gleaned-continue to see/learn. Thank you so much for sharing your story, your experiences of your mother, your relationship, and the important relationship you create with yourself in love and in anticipatory grief.

    • Laura,
      I’m so grateful that Dennis reached out and gave me a channel to people like you who are actively, consciously evolving. (Thank you, Dennis!)
      My late-60’s-self is shouting “Becoming is the BIGGEST high!” Thank you, Laura, for the chance to congratulate both of us for reflecting and expanding through hard journeys.

      I understand when you say that the process of integration of our mom’s intended and unintended lessons continues — probably until WE pass.
      For me, it’s been a year and a half since Mom passed, and it’s a rare day that she doesn’t pop into my mind for a minute or ten. Sometimes it’s the frequent thought that she’d love the hike we’re on to see the North Rim or trek to an old miners cabin in the woods. Sometimes it’s a “Thank you, Mom.” — usually when I find resources of resilience and rebound that I know are her legacy to me. Sometimes it’s relief that I’m not sleepless every third weekend to spell the care team, and we’re freer to roam. Sometimes it’s her gift (and Dad’s) of two of the sweetest, gentlest and most. honorable brothers I can imagine. Our moms are here to stay, long after the long good-bye.

  2. Susan, this is such a heart wrenching, heart opening and beautifully raw share – Thank you! We need these stories to remind us of our vulnerabilities and possibilities. To remind us that death is inevitable and the grief will come… one way or another. #motherlessdaughters

    • Thank you, Carolyn. Do you find that first the writing and then the sharing create a containment space for fear? Not to bottle it up, but to savor and learn from and respond to, rather than slowly become eroded by? Maybe that’s why the reminder is good. It surfaces ALL the impressions and memories, and begins to knit them into a whole cloth. Am I making ANY sense, Carolyn?